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ASTM F3189-20

ASTM F3189-20

Standard Test Method for Measuring Force Reduction, Vertical Deformation, and Energy Restitution of Synthetic Turf Systems Using the Advanced Artificial Athlete

2020-12-17 /Active
Significance and Use:

5.1 The dynamic interaction between the athlete and the synthetic turf surface affects the comfort and the performance of the athlete. Interaction with a surface that has low amounts of deformation and shock absorption allows the player to run fast and turn quickly, but has the potential to cause discomfort and damage to the lower extremity joints. Synthetic turf surfaces having high deformation have lower energy restitution. Less of the energy exerted by the athlete returns from the surface, possibly increasing the fatigue for the performing athlete.


1.1 This test method specifies a method for measuring force reduction, vertical deformation, and energy restitution of synthetic turf surfaces.

1.2 This method is used to characterize properties of synthetic turf systems including the turf fabric, infill material, and shock pad (if applicable).

1.3 It can be used for characterizing synthetic turf systems in laboratory environment or in the field.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

advanced artificial athlete; energy restitution; force reduction; synthetic turf performance; vertical deformation;
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